Yard Tips Calendar
- Monitor houseplants for correct watering. Place a saucer of pebbles with water under or near plants to help with inside humidity. Dust leaves clean. Check plants for insects and disease, control if necessary.
- Prune Japanese Maples as needed for shape, structure, and ventilation.
- Heavily prune your grapevines.
- Bait for slug and snails around early blooming plants. We suggest you use a natural alternative product when possible.
- Topdress emerging perennials and bulbs with Rexius Garden Compost or Steer Plus™.
- Gently remove snow from plants. Branches will break if they get too weighed down.
- Lime lawns (25 lbs. per 1000 sq. ft.)
- Treat for cranefly.
- Avoid walking on frozen grass, this can cause bare spots.
- Start planting bare root fruit, nut, shade, and ornamental trees. Also plant bare root roses, blueberries, horseradish , and caneberries. Amend the soil with Rexius Compost.
- Make sure you have compatible varieties of apples, pears and blueberries for pollination.
- Water in your bare root material with a root stimulator. This gives them the best start they can get.
- Repair winter damage to trees and shrubs.
- Hard prune your tea and shrub roses. Selective pruning is only needed on climbers and ramblers but best done after flowering has finished in late spring.
- Fertilize your roses and blueberries around the drip line with 1/2 cup Epsom salts and 1/2 cup alfalfa meal or pellets. This promotes budding and produces more canes for fruit and flowers.
- Treat your pruned roses to guard against fungal disease and insect damage.
- Bring budded flowering branches inside to force into early Spring color.
- Mow only if possible – Great time to check mower blades and have them sharpened. It is important that grass blades are cut rather than torn.
- Continue to plant bare root material, amending the hole with 1/2 of the original soil amount being substituted with a quality Rexius compost.
- Plant edible and flowering peas as early as possible. Soil needs to be well drained, since peas can rot easily. Plant onions if soil is dry enough or drains well.
- Spring-blooming perennials can be planted now.
- For great winter and early spring fragrance, plant Daphne odora, Sarcococca and Clematis armandi (evergreen).
- Clean beds of debris and weeds. The Recycling Center at 150 Hwy 99, Eugene is open for your convenience.
- Fertilize all trees, shrubs, and perennials. Remember rhododendrons, camellias, and azaleas are acid-loving plants.
- Complete heavy pruning of hedges, trees, and non-spring flowering shrubs. Prune spring-flowering shrubs after blossoms fade.
- Apply 3” to 4” of mulch to clean landscape beds. To prevent stem rot, keep mulch away from plant stems.
- If soil is dry enough, prepare annual and vegetable beds with 4-6 inches of Rexius Flower-n-Garden™ Planting Soil or Steer Plus™. Turn over and blend with existing soil.
- Treat dogwoods for anthracnose using a proper fungicide. Begin at bud break and continue at appropriate intervals until dry weather prevails. Destroy fallen leaves throughout the season.
- Edge and mow your lawns.
- Address moss control in lawns at this time. Try raking moss out of your lawn and applying lime to raise pH level.
- Start thinking about lawn renovation. Call a Rexius Landscape professional for information.
- Plant berry crops (strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, & blackberries). Fertilize with a complete fertilizer or Steer Plus™.
- Start planting cool-season crops: beets, cabbage, chard, kale, lettuce, onions, and peas.
- Great choice of woody landscape plants now available. Purchase, then plant with Tree-n-Shrub™ planting soil.
- Time to turn on your irrigation system and check that it;s working. Call our Landscape Service Department for an appointment.
- A “catch can test” will check sprinkler coverage so adjustments can be made before summer usage starts. Call EWEB or go to their website for instructions.
- Continue preparing your garden soil for planting by incorporating generous amounts of Rexius Garden Compost™ of Steer Plus™.
- Continue to rid landscape beds of weeds with either a selective / non-selective weed killer, or manually. Apply a 3” to 4” layer of a Rexius mulch product.
- Pinch back the sort new roots of conifers to control their shape and size.
- Dig, divide, and transplant perennials when new growth is 3” to 4” high. This is for rejuvenation and size control.
- If you are going to plant, Terraseed™, or sod a lawn, first prepare your soil. Soil preparation is a MUST for best results. [Check New Lawn planting Tip Guide]
- Mow weekly. Keep your lawn cut slightly higher. Taller blades encourage deeper root growth and increases drought tolerance. [Note Healthy Lawn Tips Guide]
- Control lawn weeds. Be on the lookout for unwanted broad-bladed grasses and hand weed in there earliest stage of development.
- A great time to core aerate your lawn. [Promotes better water penetration] Spread a 1/2 to 3/4 inch layer of high quality Rexius Garden Compost over the top and back-rake.
- Plant cool season herbs and vegetables if not already done.
- Continue structure plantings of trees and shrubs.
- Plant summer bulbs, corms, and tubers, making sure soil temperature conditions are right.
- Fertilize Rhododendrons and azaleas, removing spent blossoms to encourage the formations of next year’s blooms.
- Check rhododendrons for root weevil damage and treat if necessary.
- Fertilize roses and start them on a spray program to control fungal and insect problems.
- Deflower young newly planted blueberries to increase future yield.
- Overwatering is the most common problem of a home landscape. As the weather warms up, give your lawn the correct amount of water needed. Call EWEB Waterline throughout the growing season.
- Spread a Rexius mulch product now, enjoy both spring and summer color contrast, conserve water, lower soil temperature, discourage weed growth, and aid soil condition. Let our knowledgable sales staff help you make the best product choice.
- Continue to mow and edge weekly.
- Fertilize your lawn in early Nay with a slow release fertilizer, let spring rains carry the fertilizer into the soil.
- If lawns are becoming thin and sickly, consider Overseeding with a blend of perennial ryegrass and fine rescue. Rexius Terraseeding™ process may be option for you.
- When mowing or trimming near trees, acid nicking bark which can girdle and kill the tree or provide an opening for pests and disease.
- Plant new plants according to correct sun/shade preferences as well as watering needs.
- Plant your warm season crops (beans, for, cucumbers, cantaloupes, dill, eggplant, peppers, pumpkins, squash, tomatoes, etc.)
- Plant dahlias in mid-May as soil warms up.
- Plant summer color with annuals. Don’t forget a well-balanced fertilizer.
- When planting containers, make sure to fill with new Rexius “Potting Soil”. Remember to plant your containers tightly. Water and fertilize other for best results.
- Don’t skimp on watering for new plantings. Keep a close eye out for under and over watering of these plants.
- Watch tender plants during sunny, warmer weather. Shade if necessary.
- Keep beds well weeded. Lightly cultivate soil to reduce compaction and weeds. Refresh mulch...(To prevent stem rot, keep mulch away from plant stems.)
- Deadhead roses as soon as blooms fade to encourage new growth.
- Check rhododendrons, azaleas, and other ornamentals for root weevil damage. For control, use beneficial nematodes if soil temperature is above 55 degrees F.
- Thin out apples, pears, and peaches when fruit is as big a nickel.
- Check fruit trees for disease and insect damage. Call the Extension Office for prevention and control information.
- Keep the root zone in raised bed plantings well watered, but not saturated.
- To find out more about your root depth and the requirements of your soil, contact EWEB Waterline, or online at www.eweb.org.
- Continue to mow, edge, and water weekly.
- When mowing set your mulching mower blades 2 – 2.5 inches high.
- Be careful mowing or trimming near trees, avoid nicking bark which can girdle & kill the tree or provide an opening for pests and disease to enter.
- Aerate to reduce compaction and increase water infiltration.
- Color, color, color, PLANT annuals, annuals, annuals.
- Continue your plantings of warm-season vegetables in succession. Even place them in your landscape beds.
- Cut back Spring-blooming flowers.
- Move houseplants outside for cleaning, repotting, and growth.
- Support and stake upright stocks and stems of your tall perennials.
- Early to mid-morning is the best time to water gardens to reduce evaporation. Water deeply and infrequently.
- Fertilize annuals and vegetable plants. If using a synthetic fertilizer rotate with an organic-based fertilizer to maintain microbial life in your soil.
- Hanging baskets need to be kept deadheaded and fertilized.
- Watch for cutworm damage; if a problem, use barriers, remove by hand, use beneficial nematodes, or contact your local garden centers for further recommendations.
- Continue summer rose care of deadheading, watering, and removing diseased leaves. Apply 2 tablespoons Epsom salts around the drip line of your roses. Water well.
- Salt deposits can build up in the soil of container plants. This will cause the foliage to burn. Flush out these deposits with a thorough watering once during the summer.
- Aerate with a spading fork, concentrating on dry patches, or call our Landscape Division to come aerate for you.
- Allow lawn to stay on the taller side this month. Taller grass blades encourage deeper root growth and increase drought tolerance.
- Fertilize lawn.
- Pay attention to the high stress areas of your lawn that are next to sidewalks and driveways (concrete retains heat). You may need to water these areas more often by hand.
- Sow seeds of cosmos, zinnias, nicotiana for late summer and fall bloom.
- Rotate and replant areas with mid-summer plantings of beets, bush beans, carrots, cauliflower, broccoli, lettuce, kale, and peas for fall and winter crops.
- Stake and tie tall top-heavy plants such as delphiniums, hollyhocks, foxglove, and lupines.
- Continue to fertilize your trees, shrubs, flowers, and vegetables.
- Watch for fungal diseases on trees, shrubs, flowering plants & vegetables. Treat as needed.
- When necessary, water hanging baskets and container planters twice a day or use drip irrigation.
- Water early in the day making an effort to water the ground surface, not the plant foliage. Do you need help with an irrigation system? Call Rexius' Irrigation Division.
- If you have been using EWEB Waterline guidelines and you have deep, water-holding soil, you should not have to do extra watering to keep the lawn and garden looking good.
- Continue spot weed control.
- Watch for red thread (fungal disease). Call your extension office or local garden centers for more information.
- Fall is a great time to plant a lawn. Start preparing the soil now and call Rexius for information on our Terraseeding™ services.
- Continue planting cool season vegetables, including lettuce. Keep shaded from intense sun to prevent burning until established. Keep moist.
- Pull spent annuals and replace with fresh fall blooming plants. Remove faded flowers on annuals, water and fertilize to keep encouraging new growth.
- Continue to eradicate weeds before they go to seed.
- Pick, blanch (2 seconds), and shock in ice water your tender-leafed herbs before bagging and freezing for later use.
- Tidy up your beds…prepare for fall and winter by cleaning beds, adding nutrients, and mulching.
- Shop early at nurseries for best selection of spring bulbs. Buy now …plant later when soil temperatures have cooled. Remember to work calcium and phosphorus into soil below the bulbs.
- Divide and replant peonies now. Select strong roots with 3-5 eyes and set them no more than 2” below the surface.
- Watch garden irrigation closely so root zones don’t dry out. Keep new plantings well watered, but water wisely.
- As evenings cool, landscapes need less water. It may be time to reset timer, adjusting amounts as needed. Call EWEB Waterline each week until rains begin.
- Make sure your soil drainage is adequate in lawns and beds. Fall ,Winter, and Spring gardens are more often damaged by too much moisture, then frost.
- Continue to mow and edge.
- Aerate existing lawns to renovate, and follow with a topdress of Rexius Compost.
- Prepare deep-rooting areas for your new lawn by incorporating Rexius Garden Compost to help grow a more resilient and water-wise lawn year round.
- Time to seed, Terraseed™ or sod lawns. Contact the Rexius Landscape Division to help you with your new lawn construction.
- Divide your Bearded Iris rhizomes now. Remove all the dead leaves and cut back to about 3 or 4 inches making the cut at an angle. Replant.
- Sow a cover crop (such as winter rye, crimson clover, or Austrian peas ) in vacant ground or garden spot.
- Fill gaps in borders, beds, and containers with winter blooming pansies, violas, ornamental cabbage, and kale.
- Rake and recycle leaves. Destroy diseased leaves of roses, apples, cherry, and dogwood if composting at home. Commercial composting provides higher temperatures to eliminate those pathogens.
- Dig and divide crowded perennials. Enrich soil with organic soil amendments such as Rexius Garden Compost or Steer Plus™. Cut back foliage of those that have already died back.
- Spread a layer of mulch around ornamental shrubs for winter protection, moisture retention, and weed prevention.
- At the first sign of rain, turn off sprinkler timer. If the sun returns, turn the timer on and set to EWEB waterline recommendations.
- Contact Rexius Irrigation professionals for information on Rain Sensors for your irrigation controller.
- Mow as needed. Mower blades can be lowered back down.
- Keep fallen leaves off lawn. (They can smother your grass).
- Last chance to plant new or over-seed existing lawns if not done already...
- Fertilize lawns for the last time this year.
- Plant and transplant trees, shrubs, and ground covers so they can become settled in before winter. Use Rexius Tree-n-Shrub™ planting soil.
- If soil temperatures have cooled down start planting your spring bulbs. Plant in masses of one variety or color for the most effect.
- Remember to add natural calcium and phosphorus to your bulb beds.
- Plant your garlic cloves now!
- Finish pruning perennials back to 2-3 inches.
- To prevent erosion and compaction from rain in unplanted areas, apply an erosion barrier of mulch or compost for winter protection. In spring you can plant the area, taking the time to plant it right.
- Wrap young trees with a tree guard to prevent sun scald and windburn especially if they are exposed to the south or west.
- Remember to drain or insulate your backflow devices, as well as your irrigation systems. Call Rexius Irrigation Division to winterize your irrigation system.
- Cut lawn to about 1.5” to 2” height for the winter months.
- Apply lime for moss control at this time.
- Lawn cutting is probably close to being over. Clean mower thoroughly, scraping off soil and old grass. Cover metal parts with a thin layer of oil (vegetable will work), then store mower in a dry sheltered area.
- Continue planting landscaping material.
- Now is the time to start forcing Holiday bulbs. Nurseries have a great selection of Amaryllis ranging from small up to extra large bulbs. Paperwhites can be planted either in water or soil. Plant bulbs in two week intervals for extended seasonal bloom….ENJOY.
- Don’t forget to plant your spring-blooming bulbs in containers. Plant bulbs deep in pots and then over plant the top with pansies or violas. Enjoy all winter and be delighted again in the spring.
- Take cuttings from Geranium to enjoy indoor blooms over the winter.
- Continue picking up leaves and yard debris, and recycle (our Recycle Center at 150 Hwy 99, Eugene, is open for your convenience).Call for winter hours.
- Start dormant treatment of fruit trees. Contact the extension office or your local garden center for information.
- Lightly prune your trees and shrubs to use cuttings for inside and outside holiday decortions. Conifers trees, broadleaf evergreens, berries, cones, interesting seedpods, red barked and twigged shrubs all work well.
- Make sure that plants in protected and sheltered areas receive water during the winter.
- Check your shrubs on a weekly basis for damaged branches that may need removing.
- Locate your house water shut-off so you can respond quickly in case of frozen or burst pipes. Thaw frozen pipes by wrapping with warm towels. Never use a torch or hairdryer as the risk of fire or electrocution is too great.
- If necessary, continue to mow when possible.
- Avoid excessive walking on frozen lawn since it can cause bare spots in the grass.
- Continue to plant forced bulbs every 2 weeks to enjoy the fragrance and color through the holiday season and into the early new year.
- Plant Sansanqua Camellias for winter color in a partially shaded to full shade area.
- We wish to thank you for doing business with Rexius this year! Season’s Greetings and Happy Gardening in the New Year!