Composting 101: Essential Tips for Enriching Your Organic Garden Soil

Composting 101: Essential Tips for Enriching Your Organic Garden Soil

Composting 101: Essential Tips for Enriching Your Organic Garden Soil


Welcome to the world of organic gardening, where nurturing the soil is as important as growing the plants. Today, we dive into the art and science of composting, a fundamental technique for anyone aspiring to cultivate a thriving organic garden. This post is your go-to guide, packed with essential tips to enrich your garden soil, turning waste into wonder.

What is Composting?

Composting is a natural process that turns organic waste into a rich soil amendment, known as compost. It’s an eco-friendly way to recycle kitchen scraps and yard waste, transforming them into nutrient-rich food for your organic garden. Composting not only enriches the soil but also reduces the need for chemical fertilizers, promoting a more sustainable gardening practice.

Why Compost for Your Organic Garden?

  1. Nutrient-Rich Soil: Compost is packed with essential nutrients that your plants crave.
  2. Soil Structure Improvement: It enhances soil aeration, water retention, and overall health.
  3. Pest and Disease Resistance: Healthy soil from composting helps plants resist pests and diseases.
  4. Eco-friendly: Reduces landfill waste and lowers your carbon footprint.

Getting Started with Composting

  1. Choose the Right Location: Find a convenient spot in your yard for a compost bin or pile.
  2. Selecting a Compost Bin: You can buy one or make your own. Ensure it allows for aeration and easy access.

Composting Basics

  1. Balance Green and Brown Materials: Greens are nitrogen-rich materials like vegetable scraps, and browns are carbon-rich like dried leaves. A good balance is crucial.
  2. Layering: Start with a layer of browns, then add greens, and keep alternating.
  3. Moisture and Aeration: Keep the pile moist but not wet and turn it regularly to aerate.
  4. Size Matters: A pile that’s at least 3 feet in diameter helps retain heat and decompose materials faster.

What to Compost

  • Greens: Vegetable and fruit scraps, coffee grounds, fresh grass clippings.
  • Browns: Dry leaves, straw, wood chips, shredded newspaper.

What Not to Compost

  • Meat or dairy products, diseased plants, pet wastes, or anything treated with chemicals.

Using Your Compost in the Organic Garden

  1. Maturity: Compost is ready when it’s dark, crumbly, and earthy-smelling.
  2. Application: Spread it on your garden beds or mix it with potting soil.
  3. Regular Use: Incorporating compost regularly keeps your soil healthy and productive.


Composting is an invaluable skill for any organic gardener. It’s a simple yet impactful way to enrich your garden soil, ensuring your plants are healthy, vibrant, and productive. By following these tips, you’re not just gardening, you’re creating an ecosystem that supports sustainable living and a healthier planet. Embrace composting and watch your organic garden flourish!

Garden Valley Organics

Organic Compost

An all-purpose compost containing natural and organic recycled green waste material. It is highly beneficial for developing good root structure in your plants that is STA certified, and certified for organic growing.  

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